Origin of the Waterloo Membrane Sampler
The origin, advantages, and benefits of our passive sampler
The Waterloo Membrane Sampler™ (WMS™), a passive sampler for monitoring volatile organic compound (VOC) vapor concentrations, was developed at the University of Waterloo by Drs. Tadeusz Górecki and Suresh Seethapathy. The researchers had identified a need for a passive sampler with resistance to water vapor, which can saturate the sorbent present in passive samplers, for sampling in environmental vapor matrices where water vapor concentrations can be high, such as in soil gas, and they believed that the unique design of the WMS™ gave it an exclusive position in the marketplace for passive samplers.
The WMS™ design incorporates a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane across the face of a vial filled with a sorbent medium. Volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors partition into and permeate through the membrane. The sorbent then traps the vapors, and the mass of each compound is determined by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The uptake rate has been experimentally measured for many common VOCs and can easily be calculated for other compounds because it is directly proportional to the gas chromatographic retention index, a property that is readily available in the scientific literature. Thus, the WMS™ sampler can be used to measure time-weighted average concentrations for virtually any VOC.
PATENT FOR QUANTITATIVE SOIL GAS SAMPLING
The unique design of the WMS™ sampler allows it to collect soil gas samples quantitatively by manipulating the uptake rate to alleviate starvation. This innovation has been granted USA patent number 9399912.Read the patent.